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Culturally Responsive Teaching

The following definitions of Culture and Culturally Responsive Teaching are from Brown University,


Culture is central to learning. It plays a role not only in communicating and receiving information, but also in shaping the thinking process of groups and individuals. A pedagogy that acknowledges, responds to, and celebrates fundamental cultures offers full, equitable access to education for students from all cultures.


Culturally Responsive Teaching is a pedagogy that recognizes the importance of including students' cultural references in all aspects of learning (Ladson-Billings,1994).

Some of the characteristics of culturally responsive teaching are:

  1. Positive perspectives on parents and families

  2. Communication of high expectations

  3. Learning within the context of culture

  4. Student-centered instruction

  5. Culturally mediated instruction

  6. Reshaping the curriculum

  7. Teacher as facilitator



Ladson-Billings, G. (1994). The dreamkeepers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishing Co.

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